Basic Principles of Interior Design

Interior design is essential for your home so that you can get peace of mind. However, apart from the aesthetic beauty of your home, your home interiors should also align with the basic principles of interior design. Over the course of this article, you will learn about these basic principles, which could help you modify the decor of your house.


Balance is one of the most important principles of interior design. It helps one maintain symmetry in their house. Not just shape, but other aspects such as color, and texture, also help one retain balance in their house. There are three kinds of balances within interior design:

  • Formal Balance: This is primarily seen in traditional spaces, which require two sides to be equally divided. An example would be two chairs on each side of a study table. In such instances retaining balance comes out to be very easy.
  • Asymmetrical Balance: Asymmetrical Balance is achieved without necessary replication. Not having to adhere to the principles of formal balance, this type of balance helps one explore more interesting and composite ideas.
  • Radial Balance: Here, the design is centered around one single aspect, and everything else revolves around this central aspect. Take, for instance, a conference table.


Along with balance, this is the second most important principle one must keep in mind when thinking of the best interior design for their home. Emphasis refers to designing certain aspects of your house’s interior in such a manner that people immediately pay attention to them. An example is a fireplace in one’s living room. It serves as the central point of your space, while other furniture and valuables revolve around it. Light along with color are the two other aspects that can help one emphasize their home decor ideas. The placement of this central point also tends to be very significant.


Harmony is achieved in your home’s interiors when all of its aspects get along smoothly with one another. With harmony in one’s designs, you will be able to achieve peace of mind while resting in your home. This can be achieved by mixing variation and consistency, which means that you can, for example, select one color for furniture or aspects that otherwise differ in size and shape. 


Contrast is a principle of interior design that can be applied to make your home more interesting. Here differences in different aspects of your space are crucial; again, it can be achieved by focusing on the same aspects as those in harmony. You can choose contrasting colors or designs for your pillows, for instance. You can also move ahead to combine two things that have different shapes and forms. Hence equal attention can be given to both. If applied properly, this principle can add hugely to the visual aesthetic of your home’s interiors. 

Proportion and Scale

One must pay heed to the proportion and scale of different aspects of their interior design. Proportion refers to how different aspects are in ratio to one another, and scale refers to how a thing can be compared to the area where it is located. A proper or improper proportion and scale can make or break your living space. Done correctly, like other principles of interior design, it can make your home a visual marvel. Some proportions can be followed which have been tried and tested by others with success, such as the Golden Section.


You may associate this word with music. However, just like music needs perfect rhythm between its different parts, even your home’s interiors need rhythm. Rhythm helps connect different aspects of one’s interior design. It is the principle that connects all other principles of interior design. The following techniques can be used to achieve rhythm in one’s living space:

  • Transition: It refers to molding your design in such a manner that it can be looked at without interrupting the flow or movement of your eye. The design can also be viewed while looking at different shapes or colors. 
  • Gradiation: In contrast to transition, this helps one look at one section of their room at a time. An example is stars in the sky; as one sees stars, they also move between different parts of the sky. With regards to home decor ideas, you can seamlessly shift from dark to light colors, or vice versa, within a particular part of your living space. 
  • Radiation: When many different aspects of one’s interior design join to create a balance surrounding a particular focal point, it is known as radiation. This is most commonly seen in dining areas or other sitting areas, such as the drawing-room.
  • Repetition: The easiest method of applying rhythm to one’s interior design, it is also recommended by many interior designers. By using this method one can bring stability to their house’s decor. 

You should keep these principles in your mind; applying them properly can lead to you finding the best interior design for your home. You can also get in touch with our best interior designing team to handle all these design principles and get your home decor aligned according to them.

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