7 Principles of Interior Designing

Interior design, in simple terms, could be seen as just rearranging the furniture or bringing in new elements to give your space an aesthetic touch. However, when interior designers start designing, they have to consider several factors that we may not even realise are to be paid attention to. Everything they do is a process, culminating in the result you receive. There are seven principles in interior design that interior designers keep considering to give you a seamless space which fits your standards.

To be more involved in creating your dream home, you should be aware of these principles. If nothing, you will be able to aid your designer in bringing out your vision to life. 

1. Balance

There is an equilibrium everywhere we look around – in nature or in life. Your home also requires a balance. In interior design, the principle of balance ensures that there is visual harmony in your space by evenly distributing the elements. The design of your home also needs an equilibrium which can be achieved using different colours, patterns, textures, shapes and so on. You can maintain harmony in your home using three different ways.

  • Symmetrical Balance

The most traditional of the ways to bring an equilibrium to your home. In this, the interior designers strive to maintain an imaginary central axis by placing the elements around it, like in a mirror image. This type of design may become a little monotonous and boring, hence eventually may even be a little restricting.

  • Asymmetrical Balance

This technique allows more freedom as it does not involve mirroring. You can use similar textures, colours etc., around the imaginary central axis to form a balance. The result of this is much more vibrant, organic and spirited. 

  • Radial Balance

When you want to draw attention to a central point, this is the balance you strive to achieve. By arranging all the elements around the focal point in a circular pattern, it looks like the elements are radiating around the focus.

2. Rhythm

Interior designers try to bring cohesiveness to your home decor, which in easy terms is forging a connection throughout the space. Bringing in too many elements without apparent contrast or harmony among them can hamper the overlook of the place. Rhythm is the repetition or contrast of features which could be in the form of patterns, colours or something carrying the same aesthetic values. It helps in a smoother visual transition in the area. Space rhythm is apparent in different ways: contrast, transition, gradation, radiation, repetition and progression. 

3. Emphasis

Every room needs a focal point which draws everybody’s attention at first glance. Emphasis on a single element is essential to help decide the other design structures in the room. You may want to display your award collection by placing it in front of a dark-coloured wall with a bright light shining over it. This way, as soon as somebody enters the room, they are bound to notice it. The focus can either be an architectural element or an external object like a grand piano or a giant vase. 

4. Scale and Proportion

Sizes and dimensions are essential for bringing together any look. Scale is the relation between the size of the room to its elements. For instance, large furniture in a small room will look overcrowded. Proportion is the relative size of the elements in relation to each other. You cannot place a large sofa with a table less than half its size. They would not blend in together and look out of place. In design and architecture, there is a golden ratio which is 1.618. This has been helping them for ages to decide the dimensions of structures and achieve harmony in design.

5. Contrast

The first impression is essential. Similarly, the moment somebody enters your home, they form an image. To captivate them, contrast comes into play. Contrast is the combination of two different forms. It gives an instant ‘pop-out’ moment to your home. It provides a dramatic aesthetic effect to your space. Contrasting can be done using patterns, size and, most commonly used, colours. 

6. Details

Detailing can either make or break the overall image the house is trying to establish. While taking care of all the important things like scaling and proportion, it is essential not to lose focus on the minor details. It could be embroidery colour on cushion covers or handles of cabinets. Every little thing is necessary when it comes to interior design. 

7. Unity

The unity principle dictates all the other principles as the primary goal of interior design is to make the space look like a unified whole. Unity is essential for keeping the big picture in perspective. Having similar design elements helps pattern recognition, carefully curated with the overarching theme in mind. You can play with shapes and sizes if you follow the colour palette decided for the space. This gives a sense of uniformity and calmness. 

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